
WASHINGTON
STATE MATHEMATICS COUNCIL 2000
MIDDLE SCHOOL MATH OLYMPIAD Session I SIXTH GRADE PROBLEM
SOLVING 
6 
The Tiles Game
Lindsay
has three bags with tiles in them. Each
bag has four tiles and the tiles have the numbers 1, 2, 3, and 4 on them. (Each tile has one number on it. See the picture below.) Lindsay reaches into
each bag and randomly draws out one tile.
Lindsay adds up the two largest numbers. So, for instance, if she drew tiles that
were 4, 3, and 2, she would add up the 4 and 3 to get 7. If she drew tiles that were 4, 2, and 2, she
would add up the 4 and 2 to get 6.
The problem is to figure out what the probability is of
getting a 5 in this kind of game, in
which you add the top two of three tiles drawn.
Show us your
work. The people who read your paper
are looking at:
·
YOUR ANSWER.
·
YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEM:
Do you understand what the problem is asking? What did you notice about patterns? How did that help you solve the problem?
·
YOUR STRATEGY:
What is your strategy for solving the problem (e.g., table, list,
etc.)? Is your strategy valid? Is it carried out completely?
·
HOW YOU COMMUNICATE:
Is your reasoning about the problem and about your strategies clearly
communicated  using words, pictures, tables, symbols?
·
YOUR REASONABLENESS CHECK:
How
did you check that your answer was reasonable?