- (5 min) Mental Math
- If grapes cost $2 per pound, how much will 3 pounds cost? [$6]
- If grapes cost $2 per pound, how much will a half-pound cost? [$1]
- At 40 miles per hour how far will I go in 4 hours? [160 miles]
- At 40 miles per hour how far will I go in 30 minutes? [20 miles]
- If I go 60 miles per hour, how far do I go in 10 minutes? [10 miles]
- If I go 30 miles per hour, how far do I go in 10 minutes? [5 miles]

- (5 min) Review of selected problems from previous lesson (no more
than 3 problems)

**Setting up and solving Rates problems**Many real-world problems ask you to deal with rates. Rates involve how fast, how long, and how many of something happens. Rates are expressed as "how many

*per*how long" as in 10 miles per hour. Per means divide, so 10 miles per hour is 10 miles/hour.Write 10

You could also have "gallons per hour" or even "peanuts per minute". In this lesson we are going to deal with distance (how many miles, feet, inches) using the following formula where r is the rate, t is the time and d is the distance:__miles__so you can cancel units later

hourr x t = d This means that r = d/t and t = d/r. You can memorize all three formulas, but I think it is easier to remember just one formula (r x t = d) and then use algebra if you want to solve for r or t.

To find Solve for Units will be How far d miles, feet, km, etc. How fast r miles per hour, feet per second, etc. How long t hours, minutes, seconds, etc. - Example 1: A car goes 30 miles per hour for 2 hours. How far does
it go?
Start by writing the formula: r x t = d. What are we asked for? We are asked "how far." We must solve for

*d*. So r = 30 miles/hour, t = 2 hours.d = 30

__miles__x 2 hours = 60 miles hourNotice that the "hours" with

*t*cancel with the denominator of*r*so that the resulting units are just "miles". - Example 2: I drove 1200 miles to Los Angeles in 20 hours. How fast
did I drive? We are asked "how fast". Solve for r. Here d = 1200 miles,
t = 20 hours.
r x t = d

r x 20 hours = 1200 miles

r = 1200 miles / 20 hours = 60 miles / hour

- Example 3: I can walk 3 miles per hour. How long will it take for
me to walk 12
miles? Solve for t. r = 3 miles/hour and d = 12 miles
t x r = d

t x 3

__miles__= 12 miles

hours

t = 12 miles x__hours__= 4 hours

3 milesWe write it like this so the miles will cancel and we are left with hours for units.

- Example 1: A car goes 30 miles per hour for 2 hours. How far does
it go?
- Finally, lets take a look at converting one rate to another.
Convert
3 inches per minute to feet per hour. Well 12 inches = 1 foot and 60
minutes = 1 hour, so we can set it up like this:
3

__inches__x__1 foot__x 60__minutes__

minute 12 inches hourCancel the inches and minutes and you get:

__3 x 60 feet__= 15__feet__12 hour hour - (Remainder of class) In-class exercise

- Hand out homework as students successfully complete the in-class exercise.